For the first century of the modern game, racquets were of wood and of standard size, and strings were of animal gut. Tennis is played on a rectangular , flat surface, usually grass, clay, a hardcourt of concrete and occasionally carpet (indoor). The court is 78 feet long, and 27 feet wide for singles matches.and 36 ft for doubles matches.
On May 21, 1881, the United States National Lawn Tennis Association was formed to standardize the rules andorganize competitions. The U.S. NationalMens Singles Championship, now the US Open, was first held in 1881 at Newport, Rhode Island. The U.S.National Womens Singles Championships were first held in 1887. 6.
Unlike most other sports, lawn tennis has precise origins. An Englishman, Major Walter C. Wingfield, invented lawn tennis (1873) and first played it at a garden party in Wales. Called Sphairistik [Gr.,=ball playing] by its inventor, the early game was played on an hourglass-shaped court, widest at the baselines and narrowest at the net.
It is noteworthy that tennis is still formally referred to as lawn tennis in Britain although it can now be played on various surfaces. In the 1870s, it was designed and codified in England. Tennis was initially known as lawn tennis because it was usually played on grass courts by ladies and gentlemen of the Victorian era.
19th Century History of Tennis. 1870 WIMBLEDON HISTORY OF TENNIS In the Wimbledon district of London established All England Croquet Club. Tennis is still an indoor game played by royal and rich benefactors. 1873 LAWN TENNIS Major Walter Wingfield invented a version of Real Tennis that can be played outdoors on a lawn. The game called ‘Sphairistike’ (Greek for "playing ball" ) and first introduced it to Wales(UK).
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The Birth of Lawn Tennis. Court tennis, as the sport is called today, was played in narrow, indoor courts with a drooping net.The ball bounced off the walls, and the players scored points by ...
Tennis started to develop into a professional sport from 1872, when the first lawn tennis club was established. Hoa Pereira, a Portuguese merchant, and doctors Wellesley Tomkins and Frederick Haynes played a Spanish game with the ball called ‘pelota’ on lawns of the Leamington resort.
In 1904 the Lawn Tennis Association of Australasia (later of Australia) was founded. The first French Championships were held at the Stade Français in 1891, but it was an interclub tournament that did not become truly international until 1925; the French Federation of Lawn Tennis was established in 1920.
1890: The earliest existing evidence of a table tennis game is a set made by David Foster, patented in England, which included table versions of Lawn Tennis, Cricket and Football. 1891: John Jacques of London introduce their "Gossima" game, which used drum-type paddles, a 50mm web wrapped cork ball, and a 30cm high net.